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PTSD and Evidence-Based Practices

Additional Information

PTSD DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic Criteria
PTSD Statistics and Co-Morbidity
Biological Mechanisms and PTSD
Exposure Therapy
Trauma-Focused Therapy
Additional Information

Alternative Interventions



Balk, J. (2001). Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) for post-traumatic stress disorder. Alternative Medicine Alert. Thompson Health Care, Inc.

Berliner, L. (2004).  The results of randomized control trials move the field forward.  Child Abuse & Neglect, 29, 103-105.

Calcott, P., Standart, S.  (2004).  Trauma within Psychosis: Using a CBT Model for PTSD in Psychosis.  Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 32, 239-244.

Cloitre, K., Chase Stovall-McClought, Miranda. & Chemtob.  (2004).  Therapeutic Alliance, Negative Mood Regulation, and Treatment Outcome in Child Abuse-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72(3), 411-416.

Cloitre, M., Koenen, K., Cohen, L., & Han, H.  (2003).  Skills training plus exposure therapy may reduce post traumatic stress in women who experienced childhood abuse.  Evidence-Based Mental Health, 6(2), 50-51.

Cohen, J. A., Mannarino, A. P., Berliner, L., Deblinger, E. (2000).  Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Children and  Adolescents.  Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 15 (11), 1202-1223.

Cohen, J.A., Mannarino, A.P., Knudsen, K. (2005).  Treating sexually abused children:  1 year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial.  Child Abuse & Neglect, 29, 135-145

Cohen, J.A. M.D., Deblinger, E. PH.D., Mannarino, A.P. PH.D., & Steer, R.A. ED.D.  (2004).  A multisite, randomized controlled trial for children with sexual abuse-related PTSD symptoms.  Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43 (4), 393-402.

EMDR Institute, Inc. (2004). Frequently Asked Questions. Retrieved November 10, 2005 from

Foa, E., Hembree, E., Cahill, S., Rauch, S., Riggs, D., Feeny, N., & Yadin, E.  (2005).  Randomized Trial of Prolonged Exposure for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder With and Without Cognitive Restructuring: Outcome at Academic and Community Clinics.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73(5), 953-964. 

Frueh, C., Buckley, T., Cusack, K., Kimble, M., Grubaugh, A., Turner, S., & Keane, T.  (2004).  Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment for PTSD Among People with Severe Mental Illness: A Proposed Treatment Model.  Journal of Psychiatric Practice, 10(1), 26-38.

Ironson, G., Freund, B., Strauss, J.L. & Williams, J. (2002). Comparison of two treatments for traumatic stress: A community-based study of EMDR and prolonged exposure. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 58, 1, 113-128. John Wiley & sons, Inc.   

Lee, C., Gavriel, H., Drummond, P., Richards, J. & Greenwald, R. (2002). Treatment of PTSD:  Stress inoculation training with prolonged exposure compared to  EMDR. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 58, 1071-1089 Wiley periodicals, Inc. 

Maxfield L., Hyer, L. (2002). The relationship between efficacy and methodology in studies investigating EMDR treatment of PTSD. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 58, 23-41. John Wiley & sons, Inc.

Meuser, K., Trumbetta, S., Rosenberg, S., Vidaver, R., Goodman, L., Osher, F., Auciello, P., & Foy, D.  (1998).  Trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Severe Mental Illness.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66(3), 493-499.

Power, K., McGoldrick, T., Brown, K., Buchanan, R., Sharp, D., Swanson, V. & Karatzias, A. (2002). A controlled comparison of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing versus exposure plus cognitive restructuring versus waiting list in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 298-331.  John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Rauch, S., Foa, E., Furr, J., Filip, J.  (2004).  Imagery Vividness and Perceived Anxious Arousal in Prolonged Exposure Treatment for PTSD.  Journal of Traumatic Stress, 17(6), 461-465.

Taylor, S. & Thordarson, d. (2003). Comparative efficacy, speed and adverse effects of three PTSD treatment: Exposure therapy, EMDR and relaxation training. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71, 233-338. American Psychological Association, Inc.

Wilson, J., Friedman, M., & Lindy, J.  (2004).  Treating Psychological Trauma & PTSD.  New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

Amber Hursh, Justin Reimenschneider, Justine Tedesco
RSSW 705 Evidence-Based Practice in Mental Health
Dr. Zvi Gellis, SUNY Albany, Rockefeller College of Social Work